54 布魯德本特 | D.E. Broadbent

54 布魯德本特 | D.E. Broadbent

布魯德本特 | D.E. Broadbent (Birmingham, May 6, 1926–April 10, 1993)
過濾器模型,由英國著名心理學家(D.E.Broadbent)提出。他認為,來自外界的信息是大量的,但人的感覺通道接受信息的能力以及高級中樞加工信息的能力是有限的,因而對外界大量的信息需要進行過濾和調節。過濾按照“全或”的原則,只允許一條通道上的信息經過并進行加工,其余通道則全部關閉。
Broadbent's filter model
Through his own empirical contributions and his careful analyses of the findings of others, Broadbent demonstrated that experimental psychology could reveal the nature of cognitive processes. In his hands, an information processing approach to understanding attention, perception, memory, and performance was exceptionally illuminating, and helped initiate and fuel the paradigm shift known as the "cognitive revolution."

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